What Are the Different Types of Strokes

What Are the Different Types of Strokes?

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What is a Strokes?

A stroke is a critical medical emergency that occurs when the flow of blood to the brain is disrupted. Without blood, your brain cells begin to die. It can cause severe symptoms, long-term disability, and even death.

There are several types of stroke. Read on to learn about the three main types of stroke, their symptoms, and treatment.

What are the different types of stroke?

Strokes

There are three primary types of stroke: transient ischemic attack, ischemic stroke, and hemorrhagic stroke. It’s estimated that approximately 87 percent of Strokes are ischemic.

Transient ischemic attack

Medical professionals often refer to a transient ischemic attack (TIA) as a warning or ministroke. A TIA is caused by anything that temporarily blocks blood flow to your brain. Blood clots and TIA symptoms last for a short time Strokes.

Ischemic stroke

An ischemic stroke occurs when a blood clot prevents blood from flowing to your brain. Blood clots are often caused by atherosclerosis, which is a buildup of fat in the inner lining of blood vessels. Some of these fatty deposits can block blood flow to your brain. The concept is similar to a heart attack, where a blood clot blocks blood flow to a part of your heart Strokes.

An ischemic stroke can be embolic, meaning a blood clot in your brain from another part of your body. An estimated 15 percent of embolic strokes are caused by a condition called atrial fibrillation, in which your heart beats irregularly.

A thrombotic stroke is an ischemic stroke caused by a clot in a blood vessel in your brain. Unlike a TIA, the blood clot that causes an ischemic stroke will not go away without treatment.

Hemorrhagic stroke

A hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel in your brain ruptures or breaks and spills blood into surrounding tissue.

There are three main types of hemorrhagic stroke: The first is an aneurysm, which is a section of weakened blood vessel that balloons outward and sometimes bursts. The other is an arterial malformation, which involves abnormally formed blood vessels. If a blood vessel ruptures, it can lead to a hemorrhagic stroke.Finally, very high blood pressure can weaken the small blood vessels in the brain and lead to bleeding in the brain.

What are the symptoms of stroke?

Different types of stroke cause similar symptoms because each affects blood flow to your brain. The only way to determine what type of stroke you may be having is to seek medical help. A doctor will order imaging tests to look at your brain.

The National Stroke Association Trusted Source recommends the FAST method to help identify warning signs of a stroke:

Face: Is there a noticeable droop on one side of your face when you smile?

Arms: When you raise both arms, does one arm drop down?

Speech: Is your speech slurred? Having trouble speaking?

Timing: If you experience any of these symptoms, call 911 immediately.

Additional symptoms that do not fit the quick description include:

  • Sudden confusion, including difficulty comprehending spoken language.
  • Trouble strolling, unexpected wooziness, or a lack of balance and coordination can be challenging.
  • A sudden and intense head pain that pops up out of nowhere can be quite baffling.
  • Difficulty seeing in one or both eyes

A TIA will cause these symptoms for a short time, usually between one and five minutes. However, you should not ignore stroke symptoms, even if they go away quickly.

What complications can a stroke cause?

A stroke is a medical emergency for one reason – it can have life-threatening consequences. The brain oversees the essential functions of human life. Without blood flow, your brain can’t manage breathing, blood pressure, and more. Complications can vary depending on the type of stroke and if you are able to successfully receive treatment. Examples of complications include:

Behavioral changes: Having a stroke can contribute to depression or anxiety. You may also experience changes in your behavior, such as becoming more emotional or withdrawing from socializing with others.

Speech difficulties: A stroke can affect the parts of your brain that control speech and swallowing. As a result, you may have difficulty reading, writing, or understanding when other people are speaking.

Numbness or pain: A stroke can cause numbness and loss of sensation in parts of your body. It can be painful. Sometimes a brain injury can also affect your ability to sense temperature. People sometimes call this situation central to stroke discomfort, and finding effective treatments can be a bit of a challenge.

Paralysis: Because of the way your brain works to direct movement, a stroke on the right side of your brain can affect movement on the left side of your body and vice versa. People who have had a stroke cannot use their facial muscles or move their arms sideways.

You may be able to regain motor function, speech or swallowing loss after a stroke through rehabilitation. However, it may take time to get them back.

What is the outlook for each stroke type?

Approximately one-third of people who experience a TIA will have a complete ischemic stroke within a year. Seeking treatment reduces the chance of this happening Strokes.

Different Types of Strokes

Once someone has experienced a stroke, the likelihood of having another one goes up. It is estimated that one-quarter of people who have had a stroke will have another within five years Strokes.

There are many lifestyle changes you can make to reduce your risk of stroke or recurrence. Examples include:

  • Increase physical activity
  • Nourishing your body with a balanced diet to keep a weight that suits your height and body type.
  • Reducing binge drinking and limiting to one drink per day for women and one to two drinks per day for men Strokes
  • Abstaining from using illegal drugs known to contribute to stroke, such as cocaine and methamphetamine
  • Taking prescribed medications to lower blood pressure and promote blood glucose control
  • Wear a continuous positive airway pressure mask if you have sleep apnea to reduce the demand on your heart Strokes

Talk to your doctor about ways to reduce your personal risk for stroke.

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