thyroid eye disease before and after

Thyroid eye disease before and after

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Underlying thyroid problems are a variety of disorders that cause the thyroid gland to produce too little thyroid hormone (which is hypothyroidism) or too much (which is hyperthyroidism). Thyroid disease can affect heart rate, mood, energy levels, metabolism, bone health, pregnancy, and many other bodily functions.

What is the thyroid and what does it do in the body?

The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland located in the middle of the throat, below the voice box and surrounding the windpipe (trachea). It is an endocrine gland. The thyroid gland affects almost all metabolic processes in the body by producing hormones.

Metabolic processes that are affected by thyroid hormones are:

  • Basal metabolic rate
  • heart rate
  • body weight
  • Cholesterol levels
  • muscle strength
  • body temperature
  • and others
thyroid eye disease

thyroid eye disease before and after

Thyroid disease is a general term for a medical condition that prevents the thyroid gland from producing the right amount of hormones. Your thyroid normally produces hormones that help your body function normally.

If the thyroid gland produces too much thyroid hormone, the body’s metabolism is affected. In this condition, the body uses up energy very quickly. This is called hyperthyroidism.

Using too much energy too quickly causes the body to feel tired in hyperthyroidism. Symptoms include increased heart rate, rapid weight loss, and nervousness.

In contrast, when the thyroid gland produces too little thyroid hormone, i.e., hypothyroidism, the body feels lethargic. And other signs and symptoms such as weight gain, intolerance to cold temperatures, depression, and dry skin are observed.

These two major disorders can be caused by different conditions. They are also inherited through the family.

Apart from these two, thyroid gland-related problems like thyroiditis, Hashimoto’s disease, Graves’ disease, hyperfunctioning thyroid nodules, etc. are seen.

Types of Thyroid Disease

Many thyroid disorders require the care of a physician or other health care professional.

Hyperthyroidism: An overactive thyroid, known as hyperthyroidism, can result in Graves’ disease, bringing along a variety of symptoms. Such as excessive sweating, arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat), weight loss, dilated eyes and nervousness.

Hypothyroidism: Symptoms of hypothyroidism can include fatigue, weight gain, depression, abnormal bone development, and stunted growth. The most common cause is autoimmune. The creation of antibodies that target and attack the thyroid gland. thyroid eye disease before and after

Hashimoto’s thyroiditis: Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, an autoimmune disorder, is inflammation of the thyroid gland. It can cause goiter (swelling in the neck due to an enlarged thyroid gland) and other symptoms.

Thyroid tumor: Thyroid nodules and adenomas, small, noncancerous growths, begin in the layer of cells that line the inner surface of the thyroid gland. The adenoma has the ability to release thyroid hormones, leading to hyperthyroidism. Thyroid adenoma treatment may include surgery to remove overactive nodules. thyroid eye disease before and after

Thyroid cancer

Thyroid cancer is more common in people who have had radiation to the head, neck, or chest. However, it can also occur in those with no known risk factors. There are four main types of thyroid cancer: papillary thyroid cancer, follicular thyroid cancer, anaplastic thyroid cancer, and medullary cancer. The majority of thyroid cancers respond well to treatment and can be effectively managed. thyroid eye disease before and after

Thyroid disorders in women

Thyroid disease in women can affect their hormonal balance and cause problems during puberty, menstruation, fertility, pregnancy, and postpartum. thyroid eye disease before and after

Causes of thyroid disease

There are two primary types of thyroid issues: hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Both can stem from other illnesses that impact the proper functioning of the thyroid gland. Conditions that can cause hypothyroidism include:

Thyroiditis : involves inflammation (swelling) of the thyroid gland, which can lead to a decrease in the production of hormones by your thyroid.

Hashimoto’s thyroiditis: It is a painless disease. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is an autoimmune condition in which the body’s cells attack and damage the thyroid. It is an inherited condition.

Postpartum thyroiditis: This condition occurs in 5% to 9% of women postpartum. This is usually a temporary condition. thyroid eye disease before and after

Iodine deficiency: The thyroid gland uses iodine to produce hormones. Millions of people worldwide grapple with the issue of insufficient iodine levels, creating a challenge for their health.

A non-functioning thyroid gland: Sometimes, the thyroid gland is not functioning properly from birth. It affects about 1 in 4,000 newborns. If left untreated, the child may develop both physical and mental problems in the future. All newborns are given a screening blood test at the hospital to check their thyroid function.

Conditions that can cause hyperthyroidism include:

Graves’ disease: In this condition, the entire thyroid gland may become overactive and produce too much hormone. Another term for this issue is diffuse toxic goiter, indicating an enlarged thyroid gland. thyroid eye disease before and after

Nodules: Hyperthyroidism can be caused by overactive nodules within the thyroid. A single nodule is called an autonomously functioning thyroid nodule. A gland with multiple nodules is called toxic multi-nodular goiter.

Thyroiditis: This disorder can be either painful or not felt at all. In thyroiditis, the thyroid releases stored hormones. This problem may persist for weeks or months.

Too much iodine: When your body has too much iodine (a mineral used to make thyroid hormones), the thyroid gland makes more thyroid hormones than it needs. Too much iodine is found in some medicines and cough syrups. thyroid eye disease before and after

Symptoms of thyroid disease

thyroid eye disease before and after

A person with thyroid disease may experience various symptoms. Unfortunately, the symptoms of thyroid disease conditions are often very similar to those of other medical conditions and life stages. That makes it difficult to know if the symptoms are related to a thyroid problem or something else.

In most cases, the symptoms of thyroid disease can be divided into two groups – those associated with having too much thyroid hormone (hyperthyroidism) and having too little thyroid hormone (hypothyroidism). thyroid eye disease before and after

Symptoms of an overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) include:

  • Feeling anxious, irritable and nervous.
  • Having trouble sleeping.
  • weight loss
  • Enlarged thyroid gland or goiter.
  • Having muscle weakness and tremors.
  • Women experience irregular periods or the cessation of your menstrual cycle.
  • Feeling sensitive to heat.
  • Vision problems or eye irritation.
  • Symptoms of an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism) are:
  • Feeling tired (fatigue).
  • weight gain
  • Feeling forgetful.
  • Frequent and profuse menstruation in women.
  • Having dry and coarse hair.
  • hoarse voice
  • Feeling intolerance to cold temperatures.
  • thyroid eye disease before and after

Who is most likely to have thyroid disease?

Thyroid disease can affect anyone – men, women, children, teenagers and the elderly. It can be present at birth (usually hypothyroidism) and it can develop as you age (often after menopause in women).

Thyroid issues are quite prevalent, with approximately 20 million individuals in the United States experiencing some form of thyroid disease.

Research has shown that women are more likely to suffer from thyroid disease than men. And they are about five to eight times more likely to be infected. thyroid eye disease before and after

The following factors may increase the risk of developing thyroid disease:

  • There is a family history of thyroid disease i.e. the disease is likely to be inherited.
  • Have any of these medical conditions. Such as: anemia, type-1-diabetes, primary adrenal insufficiency, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögren’s syndrome and Turner’s syndrome.
  • Take medicines that contain more iodine. For example: amiodarone
  • You are over 60 years of age. Or you are a woman in her sixties.
  • Have been treated for a past thyroid condition or cancer (thyroidectomy or radiation).

Preventive measures for thyroid disease:

Treatment of thyroid disease is often successful. thyroid eye disease before and after treatment of thyroid disease includes anti-thyroid drugs, use of radioactive iodine procedures, and surgery or surgery.

What are the symptoms of thyroid disease should consult a doctor?

A doctor should be consulted if the following thyroid symptoms are observed:

  • Feeling like a swollen lump on both sides of the voice box of the throat.
  • Experiencing feelings of sadness, nervousness, depression, or mood swings.
  • If you feel hot or cold for a long time.
  • If you feel too tired.
  • Sudden weight loss or gain.

Some simple tips to prevent thyroid disorders

Avoid processed foods: Many chemicals in processed foods can affect thyroid hormone production. Any type of processed food should be avoided. All these foods are high in salt, sugar and oil. Which can lead to rapid weight gain.

Cruciferous vegetables: Cauliflower, cabbage, broccoli, and spinach should be avoided if you have a thyroid because these vegetables contain goitrogens that inhibit iodine absorption by the thyroid gland and exacerbate hyperthyroidism.

Avoid soy products: Limit soy intake as it affects thyroid hormone production. So it is better to eat foods like soybeans, soy milk, tofu in moderation. thyroid eye disease before and after

Stop smoking: Toxins released during smoking can make the thyroid gland more sensitive which can lead to thyroid disease.

Reduce stress: Stress is a major contributor to many health disorders, including thyroid disease. So get active, meditate, try yoga and get enough sleep. thyroid eye disease before and after

Conclusion:

From a small, treatable goiter (enlarged gland) to a potentially life-threatening malignancy, thyroid disorders can affect everyone. The majority of thyroid issues arise from irregularities in the production of thyroid hormones. Although some thyroid conditions can have unpleasant or uncomfortable side effects, with proper diagnosis and treatment, most can be effectively managed.

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