Symptoms of malaria, what to do and treatment if you have malaria

Symptoms of malaria, what to do and treatment if you have malaria

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Malaria is one of the oldest mosquito-borne diseases in the world. As people in sub-Saharan Africa are at high risk of the disease, the number of deaths due to the disease is also increasing. Again, various countries, including India, Myanmar, and Bangladesh, are very much at risk of this disease. So it goes without saying that paludism is a deadly disease.

According to the World Health Organization, more than 20 million people are infected with malaria every year. About 500,000 people lost their lives due to paludism in 2016. The incidence of this deadly paludismdisease is increasing every year.

Prevention is better than cure. So it is essential to read the article to help you avoid paludism and take the necessary steps in case of paludism.

malaria treatment

What is the name of the germ of malaria?

Malaria is caused by Plasmodium. In 1880, Charles Laveron, a French doctor, first discovered the paludismparasite in the red blood cells of a malaria patient. Then, in 1897, Sir Ronald Ross, then a British army doctor working in India, discovered that mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles were the carriers of the disease. As a result, the germs of the disease spread from one person’s body to another person’s saliva.

This was a breakthrough discovery in the history of medicine, for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1902.

Basically, paludism is a type of fever that is spread by the Anopheles mosquito. The paludism parasite belongs to the genus Plasmodium of the order Sporozoa of the kingdom Protista.

Signs and Symptoms of Malaria

Basically, when someone is infected with paludism, we can easily identify it through some common symptoms. Some of the salient symptoms of malaria include:
Fever with periodic chills is the main symptom of paludism.
This fever can usually range from 104 to 106 degrees Fahrenheit. Common symptoms include chills and fever.

However, in the case of paludism, various symptoms, including headache, muscle pain, nausea, loss of appetite, insomnia, and even constipation, appear in the beginning.
The affected person’s fever comes and goes in a pattern such as regular and intermittent, which may be once a day or every 2 to 3 days.

Sweating leaves the fever, so there is a chance for the patient’s body temperature to drop below normal.
Excessive sweating, tremors, fatigue or lethargy, thirst, muscle pain, and lower abdominal pain are experienced.
paludism causes the massive destruction of red blood cells. Due to which anemia occurs in the patient’s body.

The most complicated form of this disease is known as ‘Malignant paludism’, in which the patient has symptoms similar to normal malaria, besides developing various complications.
If the patient’s condition reaches a critical stage or if he is infected with malignant paludism, the symptoms of jaundice, anemia, shortness of breath, kidney failure, convulsions, blood glucose reduction, etc. are manifested in the patient’s body.

A febrile condition may persist for 6 months or more in the absence of appropriate treatment. Also, due to physical complications, the patient may become unconscious or even die.

Where do malaria germs nest?

For diseases such as paludism, which are transmitted by female Anopheles mosquitoes, the main habitat of the disease germs is the body of the mosquito. The Plasmodium parasite, also known as paludism, lives mainly in the alimentary canal of mosquitoes, the salivary glands, and the red blood cells and liver cells of various vertebrates, including humans. The virus is spread by mosquito bites through its saliva.

Remedies for malaria

The wisdom goes that it’s wiser to prevent than to cure. So it is possible to stay free from mosquito-borne diseases like paludism.

We will now discuss the measures that must be taken to cure malaria:

  1. Insecticide is the first and main method of paludism treatment. But it is not possible to root out the Mushakshreni from nature. However, it is possible to reduce the risk of infection by preventing its spread. In that case, mosquito breeding grounds should be destroyed.
  2. Mosquitoes lay their eggs in stagnant water. So we all should keep our yards clean so that water does not accumulate anywhere. Also, keeping any abandoned pond or drain clean, not allowing water to accumulate there, and clearing weeds, jungles, bushes, etc. around houses
  3. Larvae and pupae are born when paludism-infected mosquito eggs hatch in rotten water. Therefore, if insecticides are sprayed in those areas, the larvae and pupae die and cannot transform into full-fledged mosquitoes. As a result, paludism can be prevented by preventing the spread of mosquitoes.
  4. Another way to repel mosquitoes is to create a fog of sulfur dioxide through a fogging machine. Recently, in different parts of our country, the process of repelling mosquitoes through such smoke has been seen, but the risk of air pollution and respiratory problems is greater than its effectiveness. This leaves room for questions about how healthy it is.

What to do and how to treat malaria fever

malaria

In the case of paludism, the patient should be cured with proper treatment before the health risk goes to a dangerous level. Otherwise, life will be doubtful.

paludism patients can be cured if the disease is diagnosed quickly and better treatment is provided. Although no effective vaccine has yet been discovered to prevent paludism, the disease is completely curable and preventable.

What to do in cases of malaria

  1. Aversion to food occurs in paludism. In that case, the patient should be given light and liquid food.
  2. Drink bottled water. Eat more saline to reduce dehydration.
  3. The affected person should be kept away from mosquito bites.Must be treated by a registered doctor.
  4. Many people suggest taking medicines like chloroquine and quinine, but it is better not to take any medicine without a doctor’s advice.
  5. Since there are different types of paludism, the doctor can understand the right treatment based on the person’s age, gender, and physical condition. Therefore, it is important to consult a doctor without delay in cases of paludism.
  6. Finally, people need to be made aware of mosquito-borne diseases like paludism by dispelling misconceptions and spreading correct knowledge among the general public. In addition to media coverage, public awareness can also be increased through individual initiatives. Organizing workshops in this regard in schools, colleges, and universities can also be a great means of creating public awareness against paludism. Let us all speak out against paludism.

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