sickle cell disease medical devices

Sickle cell disease medical devices

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Sickle cell anemia is an inherited blood disorder. People with this disease do not have enough healthy red blood cells to carry oxygen throughout their bodies. Red blood cells are flexible and disc-shaped. Normally, they can easily pass through the blood vessels. However, in sickle cell anemia, the red blood cells acquire the shape of a sickle or a crescent moon. Cells become sticky and rigid. Ultimately, they cannot pass through the smaller blood vessels. It slows down and blocks the flow of blood and oxygen to different parts of your body. sickle cell disease medical devices..

Sickle cell anemia is an autosomal recessive disease, and if you suffer from this disease, you will have two copies of the gene. Clogged cells in blood vessels can cause tissue damage and pain. You can only inherit this disease from your family, and you can also be born with it. You cannot acquire this disease later in life due to external causes. Other names for this disease are hemoglobin S disease, sickle cell disorders, HbS disease, and sickle cell disease.

sickle cell disease medical devices

Sickle cell disease medical devices

Hemoglobin carries oxygen in red blood cells. Different mutations in the gene cause four different types of sickle cell anemia.

Hemoglobin SS disease: Considered the most common form of sickle cell anemia, it occurs if you inherit a copy of the hemoglobin S gene from your mother as well as your father. This leads to the formation of HbSS. This is the most severe type of SCD, and you can get symptoms at a higher rate.

Hemoglobin SC disease: This is the second most common form of SCD and a less severe type of anemia. When you inherit the HbC gene from one parent and the HbS gene from the other, you get this type of problem. sickle cell disease medical devices.

Hemoglobin SB+ (Beta) Thalassemia {Hemoglobin SB+ (Beta) Thalassemia}: It affects the production of beta-globin genes. With less production of beta protein, red blood cell size decreases. If you inherit the HbS gene, you will suffer from hemoglobin S beta thalassemia.

Hemoglobin SB 0 (beta-zero) Thalassemia: This is a type of sickle cell anemia involving the beta-globin gene. If you suffer from this disease, you may experience some serious symptoms.

Causes of Sickle Cell Anemia

A mutation in the hemoglobin-beta gene located on chromosome 11 is responsible for the development of sickle cell disease. Abnormal hemoglobin is formed due to defects. If both of your parents pass down the abnormal hemoglobin gene to you, you will have the disease. If you have only one defective hemoglobin beta gene, you are a carrier of the disorder. You may not experience symptoms of sickle cell anemia, but if your spouse is a carrier of the trait, you can pass the disease on to your children. sickle cell disease medical devices.

Symptoms of sickle cell anemia

The first symptoms of sickle cell anemia appear in babies at the age of 5 months. The symptoms of SCD include:

  • Anemia: when sickle cells break down and die easily, you will have too few red blood cells. While red blood cells typically live 120 days before dying, sickle cells rarely survive 20 days. This leads to anemia, where there’s a lack of those important red blood cells. Due to this, your body will not get enough oxygen, which will cause fatigue.
  • Pain: You may also experience episodic pain when sickle-shaped cells block blood flow through blood vessels. The intensity of the pain will vary, and it can sometimes last for several weeks.
  • Swelling: sickle-shaped cells block blood flow to different parts of your body and cause swelling.
  • Infections: When sickle cells damage your spleen, you may be at increased risk of infection.
  • Delayed growth: Your body gets the nutrients and oxygen it needs to grow from red blood cells. Ill-shaped cells slow down your body’s growth.
  • Trouble with vision: those tricky sickle cells can sometimes block the blood vessels that nourish your eyes. supply your eyes. It can damage the part of your eye that creates visual images—the retina. In the end, you will suffer from vision problems.

Diagnosis of sickle cell anemia

Your doctor will ask you to do a blood test to check for defective hemoglobin in your body. Your doctor may also ask you to do some other tests, including a special ultrasound, to rule out the possibility of a stroke. You can check if your unborn baby is suffering from the disease by testing the amniotic fluid. The doctor may also ask you to do Hb electrophoresis to confirm the diagnosis.

Treatment options for sickle cell anemia:

Medicine

Hydroxyurea reduces the need for hospitalization or blood transfusions. L-glutamine reduces the frequency of episodic pain. Narcotics will relieve pain during episodes of pain.

Prevention of infection

Your children should receive penicillin until they are 5 years old. It prevents infections that prove fatal.

Blood circulation

Blood transfusion increases the number of blood cells in your blood to reduce further complications.

Stem cell transplant

It involves transplanting bone marrow damaged by SCD. A donor will donate healthy bone marrow for transplantation. sickle cell disease medical devices.

Healthy food

sickle cell disease

A healthy diet consisting of vegetables, fruits, and whole grains can help a lot. Your doctor can give you folic acid.

Avoid extreme temperatures.

Extreme temperatures increase the risk of episodic pain. So, you must try to avoid them.

Speak up

Find someone among your friends or family with whom you can share your pain. You can ask your doctor to recommend a support group for you.

More knowledge

Gather more knowledge about the disease to make the right decision.

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