pancreatic cancer horrible death

Pancreatic cancer horrible death

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Pancreatic cancer is cancer that starts in the pancreatic tissue. Picture this: the pancreas, your body’s unsung hero, quietly hangs out behind your lower abdomen. It’s that trusty organ doing its thing, playing a crucial role in your overall well-being! The main function of the pancreas is to release enzymes that help improve digestion and hormones to manage blood sugar levels. adenocarcinoma is not easily detected in the early stages because it does not show any symptoms in the early stages. It can be noticed when it has already spread to other organs (4th or 5th stage), which makes the treatment quite difficult.

pancreatic cancer horrible death

Pancreatic cancer signs and symptoms

  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Jaundice
  • Upper abdominal pain.
  • Back pain
  • Nausea
  • Feelings of frustration, difficulty, or discomfort for which the exact cause is not known.

Pancreatic Cancer Causes and Risk Factors

  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Family history of adenocarcinoma.
  • Pancreatitis (swelling of the pancreas)
  • Stomach ulcer
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Obesity
  • adenocarcinoma tends to be a bit more common among our wiser, older friends. It’s like our bodies have been through a lot, and sometimes they need a little extra care as the years go by!

Diagnosing Pancreatic Cancer:

  • Blood tests
  • PET scan- It helps to check the degree of adenocarcinoma spread
  • Endoscopic ultrasound
  • MRI
  • Biopsy- A sample of tissue is taken from the suspicious area and sent for testing. Let’s dive into how we can check things out with a biopsy – there are a few different ways to get the job done:
  • Percutaneous needle biopsy known as fine needle aspiration (FNA) – a needle is inserted and some tissue is taken.
  • Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography – In this procedure, a flexible tube with a camera and other equipment at its end is inserted through the mouth near the pancreas, near the small intestine, and helps collect images along with tissue samples of the affected area. pancreatic cancer horrible death

Pancreatic cancer horrible death

There are two major and important types of pancreatic cancer:

1. Exocrine pancreatic cancer – This is cancer that starts in the exocrine cells, the cells that make pancreatic digestive juices. It has been found that approximately 95% of pancreatic cancers are exocrine adenocarcinoma. (pancreatic cancer horrible death)

Subtypes of exocrine pancreatic cancer are:

  • Adenocarcinomas – These begin in the cells that line the pancreatic ducts and are the most common type of pancreatic cancer, accounting for about 90% of adenocarcinoma.
  • Squamous cell carcinoma – (rare type)
  • Adenosquamous carcinoma – (rare type)
  • Colloid carcinoma – (rare type)
  • pancreatic cancer horrible death

2. Endocrine pancreatic cancer – This starts in the part of the pancreas where insulin and other hormones are produced and released directly into the blood. Endocrine adenocarcinoma are named after hormones such as gastrinomas that produce gastrin and insulinomas that produce insulin. They comprise less than 5% of adenocarcinoma.

Benign cysts and lesions in Pancreas – These can be precursor formations and once noticed are removed or closely monitored for malignancy. aforesaid pancreatic cancer horrible death

Stages of pancreatic cancer

  • In the opening act of the cancer story, we find Stage I, where the troublemaker is keeping it confined to the pancreas, not causing any mischief elsewhere.
  • Stage II: Cancer is confined to the pancreas but the tumor has grown in size (more than 2 but not more than 4 cm).
  • Stage III: The tumor is more than 4 cm in size and the cancer may have spread to nearby lymph nodes.
  • Stage IV: The cancer has spread to nearby blood vessels or nerves.
  • Stage V: Cancer has spread to distant organs.
  • pancreatic cancer horrible death

Pancreatic cancer treatment

pancreatic

Pancreatic cancer treatment depends on the stage and grade of the cancer. After preoperative evaluation with appropriate investigations, your oncology team will decide on your treatment plan or protocol. The following options are being considered for effective adenocarcinoma treatment. pancreatic cancer horrible death

Surgery

  • Several different types of surgery are performed for pancreatic cancer, depending on the size of the tumor and the organs involved.
  • Whipple Procedure: This is known as pancreaticoduodenectomy. In this procedure, the head of the pancreas, the first part of the small intestine (duodenum), the gallbladder and bile ducts, and nearby lymph nodes are removed. In some situations, part of the stomach and colon can be removed. Surgeons reattach the remaining parts of the pancreas, stomach, and small intestine to enable digestion.
  • Distal Pancreatectomy: This procedure removes the tail of the body of the pancreas but not the head. Sometimes, in the medical playbook, the spleen might take a bow and be removed. It’s like saying, “Thanks for playing, but we’ve got it from here.
  • Imagine a medical magic trick – in a total pancreatectomy, the whole pancreas and its sidekick, the spleen, take an exit. It’s like a disappearing act for the greater good of your health. You can actually lead a normal life after a pancreatectomy. But you will need lifelong insulin and enzyme replacement because these are functions of the pancreas. pancreatic cancer horrible death

Chemotherapy

Meet chemotherapy – your cancer-fighting ally! It’s like a superhero using special drugs to put the brakes on those fast-dividing troublemaker cells causing the chaos. Sure, it comes with some side effects, but guess what? Chemo is the go-to champion in treating cancer because, unlike the precision of radiation and surgery, it can take down cancer cells that have gone on a wild adventure and spread to different parts of the body. Talk about a versatile warrior.

Targeted drug therapy

Imagine targeted therapy as the savvy detective of cancer treatments – it’s all about using special drugs to hit the bullseye. Here’s the cool part: unlike regular chemotherapy, which is like a broad-brush approach, targeted therapy zooms in on specific troublemakers. It’s like having a secret agent that goes after cancer genes, proteins, or the environments where cancer likes to party, slowing down their growth and saying, “Not on my watch. Targeted therapy is usually used in conjunction with chemotherapy and other interventions. pancreatic cancer horrible death

Radiation therapy

Say hello to radiation therapy – the superhero in the fight against cancer! Picture this: it’s like using powerful beams of radiation to target and shrink those mischievous tumors. How does it work its magic? Well, it’s a bit of a DNA showdown – the radiation busts in and takes down cancer cells by wrecking their DNA. Once the DNA is damaged, these rebel cells can’t keep multiplying and end up saying their goodbyes. Our body’s natural cleanup crew then steps in, clearing away the defeated cancer cells. It’s like a superhero rescue mission happening right inside your body.

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