Leukemia Symptoms, Signs, Causes, Types & Treatment

Leukemia: Symptoms, Signs, Causes, Types & Treatment

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lymphoid is a form of cancer that impacts the body’s blood-forming tissues, such as the bone marrow and lymphatic system, diserupting their normal function.

lymphoid usually involves white blood cells (WBCs), which are infection fighters in the body. In a normal body, WBCs grow and multiply in an orderly manner to meet the body’s immune requirements. However once infected with lymphoid, the bone marrow abnormally produces WBCs and they fail to function properly, leading to a wide range of complications.

Leukemia Types & Treatment

Causes and risk factors of leukemia

  • Family history of lymphoid.
  • Genetic disorders like Down syndrome.
  • Exposure of the body to high levels of radiation and chemicals such as benzene.
  • Blood disorders

Leukemia type

lymphoid is classified as follows-

Onset of disease:

  • Acute lymphoid- involves immature blood cells that cannot carry out their normal functions and multiply rapidly.
  • Chronic lymphoid- Chronic lymphoid involves mature cells that grow slowly and may function normally for some time.
  • The following types of white blood cell damage occur:
  • Lymphocytic lymphoid- It affects the lymphoid cells that form the lymphatic tissue.
  • Myelogenous lymphoid- Myelogenous lymphoid affects the myeloid cells that give rise to cells that produce red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.

The four main types of leukemia are:

  1. Acute lymphoblastic lymphoid (ALL)
  2. Acute lymphoblastic lymphoid (ALL) is the most common type of acute lymphoid in adults. (Also Read: Acute Lymphoblastic Treatment)
  3. Acute Myeloid lymphoid (AML)
  4. Acute myeloid lymphoid (AML) is the most common type of lymphoid in young children, but it can also occur in adults.
  • Chronic lymphocytic lymphoid (CLL)
  • Chronic myelogenous lymphoid (CLL) mainly affects adults.
  • Chronic Myelogenous lymphoid (CML)
  • Chronic myelogenous lymphoid (CML) mainly affects adults.

Signs and symptoms of lymphoid

  • Excessive sweating especially at night.
  • Weaknesses
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Bleeding and bruising easily
  • Enlarged liver and spleen
  • Red spots on the skin
  • Pain and tenderness in the bones
  • Pain and swelling in the lymph nodes
  • Infection

Leukemia diagnosis

  • Complete blood count
  • Tissue samples are taken from the bone marrow or lymph nodes to check for evidence of lymphoid.
  • X-rays
  • Ultrasound
  • CT scan
  • Lumbar Puncture (Lumbar Puncture). A thin needle is inserted into the spine to collect spinal fluid and check if the cancer has spread to the central nervous system.
  • Liver function tests show whether lymphoid cells have spread to the liver.
  • Flow cytometry helps to examine the DNA of cancer cells and determine their growth rate.

Leukemia treatment

The treatment regimen for lymphoid may involve the following interventions

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy involves the application of anti-cancer medications to impede the growth of swiftly dividing cells responsible for causing cancer. By eliminating dividing cells, it works to slow or halt the progression of cancer. Despite its associated side effects, chemotherapy remains a widely utilized treatment for cancer. Unlike radiation and surgery, which target specific locations, chemotherapy drugs have the unique ability to combat cancer cells that have spread to various parts of the body through metastasis.

Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy stands as a cancer treatment method employing potent beams of high-dose radiation to eliminate cancer cells and reduce the size of tumors. The mechanism involves disrupting the DNA of cancer cells, rendering them unable to multiply, leading to their eventual demise. Subsequently, the body’s natural processes work to remove these compromised cancer cells.

Leukemia Treatment

Bone marrow transplant

A bone marrow transplant (also called a stem cell transplant) is a treatment option for bone marrow damage. The main goal of this treatment procedure is to replace a part of the bone marrow that has been destroyed by a disease, infection or chemotherapy. Transplantation of blood stem cells stimulates the growth of new blood cells and tissues around the bone marrow resulting in immediate recovery of the damaged area. Hence this procedure is also known as stem cell transplant.

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