inflammatory bowel disease icd 10

Inflammatory Bowel Disease icd 10

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inflammatory bowel disease icd 10

Inflammatory bowel disease refers to a number of intestinal disorders that can cause chronic inflammation of your digestive tract. The digestive system consists of the mouth, stomach, esophagus, small intestine, and large intestine. It is responsible for breaking down food as well as absorbing nutrients and eliminating waste from the body.


Inflammation anywhere along the digestive tract can disrupt this normal process. The inflammation is usually very painful, and disruptive, and in some cases, it can be life-threatening.


Although many diseases are included under the term IBD, the two most common are ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease.


Signs and symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease can vary, depending on the severity of the inflammation as well as where it occurs.

You may experience phases of active illness interspersed with periods of remission. Some signs and symptoms include:

  • Diarrhea
  • Fatigue
  • Blood in your stool
  • Loss of appetite
  • Unintentional weight loss
  • Abdominal pain and cramping

Indications and manifestations are shared between ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease.

If you experience persistent changes in your bowel habits, or if you experience any signs and symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease, you should see your doctor. Although inflammatory bowel disease is not usually fatal, it is a serious disease that can cause life-threatening complications in some cases.

Causes and risk factors

The precise origin of this condition remains elusive. Previously, diet and stress were suspected, but now most doctors know that these factors increase but are not the exact cause of inflammatory bowel disease.

An immune system malfunction is a possible cause. When your immune system tries to fight off an invading virus or bacteria, an autoimmune response also attacks the cells of the digestive system. Heredity may also play a role since inflammatory bowel disease is more common in people with a family history of the disease.

Some risk factors include the following:

  • Age – Most people who develop this condition are diagnosed before the age of 30. Some people don’t develop it until their 50s or 60s, though.
  • Tobacco use – Engaging in cigarette smoking also constitutes a notable risk element in the development of Crohn’s disease..
  • Race or Ethnicity – White or Caucasian people are usually at the highest risk for this disease, although it can occur in any race.

• Family history – If any of your family members or close relatives have the disease, your risk increases.


To diagnose inflammatory bowel disease, your doctor will first ask you and your family’s medical history, as well as questions about your bowel movements.

A physical examination may be followed by one or more of the following diagnostic tests:

Computerized tomography (CT) scan

A CT scan employs a distinct X-ray method, offering enhanced detail compared to a conventional X-ray. This test is able to look at the entire intestine as well as tissues outside the intestine. CT enterography is a special CT scan that can provide much better pictures of the small intestine.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

An MRI scanner uses radio waves and a magnetic field to create detailed images of organs and tissues. This method is particularly useful for evaluating a fistula around the rectal area or small intestine. Unlike CT, there is no exposure to radiation. inflammatory bowel disease icd 10.

Stool samples and blood tests

These tests can be used for any type of infection as well as other diseases.

Blood tests can sometimes help differentiate between Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. Nonetheless, relying solely on a blood test is insufficient for diagnosing inflammatory bowel disease.inflammatory bowel disease icd 10.

Barium enema

A barium enema is an X-ray examination of the colon and small intestine. Although this type of test was used in the past, it has now been mostly replaced.

Flexible sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy

These procedures use a camera at the end of a thin and flexible probe to view the colon. The camera is inserted through the rectum, which allows your doctor to look for ulcers, fistulas, and other lesions in the rectum and colon. inflammatory bowel disease icd 10.

Capsule endoscopy

This test examines the small intestine, which is more difficult to examine than the large intestine. For the test, you will have to swallow a small capsule that contains a camera.

It will take pictures as it passes through the small intestine. Once you pass the camera on your stool, the healthcare team can view the images on a computer. This test is used when other tests fail to find the cause of Crohn’s disease symptoms. inflammatory bowel disease icd 10.

Plain film or X-ray

A simple abdominal X-ray may be used in emergencies where a bowel rupture is suspected.


Generally, the first step in treating inflammatory bowel disease is anti-inflammatory medication. Although these medications can help you reduce inflammation in your digestive tract, they come with many side effects. Immune suppressant drugs can prevent the immune system from attacking the gut and causing inflammation. inflammatory bowel disease icd 10.

 bowel disease icd 10

When you suffer from inflammatory bowel disease you need some changes. It is important to drink plenty of fluids, although you should avoid dairy products. Also avoid excessive stress. Exercise and quitting smoking are also important. inflammatory bowel disease icd 10.

Your doctor may recommend vitamin and mineral supplements to help with nutritional deficiencies.

Consult with your healthcare provider before incorporating any additional supplements into your dietary regimen.


Sometimes inflammatory bowel disease may also require surgery. Some surgeries include:

  • Strictureplasty to widen a narrow bowel
  • Closure or removal of fistulas
  • Removal of affected parts of intestine for people with Crohn’s disease
  • Complete elimination of the colon and rectum is considered for individuals experiencing severe instances of ulcerative colitis.

Routine colonoscopy is also used to monitor colon cancer because people with inflammatory bowel disease are at higher risk of developing it. inflammatory bowel disease icd 10.


Both ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease have complications that are common, including colon cancer, skin, eye, and joint inflammation.

It can also lead to a condition called primary sclerosing cholangitis, where scarring builds up in the bile ducts, eventually narrowing them and damaging the liver.

Inflammatory bowel disease also increases the risk of blood clots in veins and arteries. inflammatory bowel disease icd 10.


You can reduce your risk of developing inflammatory bowel disease by eating healthy and exercising regularly. If you can quit smoking, that’s good too.

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