icd 10 for rheumatoid arthritis

icd 10 for rheumatoid arthritis

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Rheumatoid Arthritis Symptoms, Treatment and Treatment

What is Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a condition characterized by inflammation or swelling in and around the joints, joint pain, and other symptoms. It is an autoimmune disorder in which our body’s immune system attacks healthy tissues as foreign particles. Without timely treatment, cartilage, a tissue that covers joints and bones, is damaged. Also, when the cartilage is damaged, the joint space is reduced. All in all, the condition is very painful. The joints impacted by RA include those in the hands, feet, elbows, knees, wrists, and ankles. This condition spreads through the cardiovascular or circulatory system, which is why it is also called a systemic disease.

icd 10 for rheumatoid arthritis

icd 10 for rheumatoid arthritis

Many of us have heard more or less about the problem of RA. This causes patients to experience pain in the knee, ankle, back, wrist, or neck joints. Primarily observed in the elderly population, this ailment tends to manifest. However, due to the change in lifestyle, young people are also being victimized. Rheumatoid arthritis is not limited to joint pain. If not treated on time, it can affect other organs like eyes, skin, and lungs, besides damaging the joints and bones of the body. For example:

1. Excessive stress or injury to joints: Repeated stress or injury to bone joints in the body can lead to arthritis. However, the risk increases with age. However, damage to cartilage tissue due to specific joint injuries can lead to osteoarthritis. And cartilage is a flexible connective tissue that helps protect the joints from excessive external pressure.

2. Smoking and physical inactivity: Various types of problems arise due to smoking and a sedentary lifestyle. And one of them is the problem of arthritis. Smoking lowers the immune system and many people develop RA because of this.

Symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Indications and manifestations of RA can encompass:

  • Joints are tender, warm, and swollen
  • Joint stiffness that is usually worse in the morning and after inactivity
  • Fatigue, fever, and loss of appetite

Early RA first affects your small joints, especially the joints that connect your hands to your feet and your toes to your feet. As the condition advances, signs frequently extend to the wrists, knees, ankles, elbows, hips, and shoulders. Typically, symptoms manifest in corresponding joints on both sides of your body. About 40% of people who have rheumatoid arthritis also experience signs and symptoms that include areas that may be affected without involving the joints, such as:

  • Leather
  • Eyes
  • Respiratory system
  • Heart
  • Kidneys
  • Salivary glands
  • Nervous tissue
  • Bone marrow
  • Blood vessels

It should be remembered that symptoms alone are not enough to diagnose the disease. This requires testing and proper monitoring. Of course it is necessary to consult a doctor to diagnose the disease and get proper treatment. Signs can alert us. May prompt immediate medical consultation.

Treatment

RA is never cured, but if caught in the early stages, it can be cured with proper treatment. For which it is necessary to know and be aware about this disease.

RA is treated with medication as well as physiotherapy. Three types of medicines are regularly used in this disease.

1. Analgesic or pain reliever/pain killer medication.

  • Aspirin
  • Ibuprofen
  • Ketoprofen
  • Naproxen
  • Piroxicam etc.

2. Anti-inflammatory drugs.

3. DMA RD or Disease-Modifying Anti-Rheumatic Drugs.

• Gold (sodium aurothiomalate) – in injection form and orallyIt’s advisable to refrain from prolonged usage for optimal outcomes.

  • Sulfasalazine
  • Penicillamine
  • Chloroquine
  • Dapsone and Levamisole

Steroids and joint injections also play an important role.

Physiotherapy in Rheumatoid Arthritis

  1. Cold and hot packs: In early stage patients, ice therapy should be given to the patient before starting exercise. And if the patient is in chronic stage, then the patient should be given hot decoction. Physiotherapy doctor will determine at which stage the patient is.
  2. Tens Machine: Tens machines are used to reduce pain.
  3. Hydrotherapy-Balenotherapy: Exercise is done with some weight on the joint.
  4. Apart from this, massage therapy, stretching exercises, straining exercises, balance and coordination exercises are done by physiotherapists.

What to do at home?

rheumatoid arthritis

Also, as a patient, there are things you can do at home that will keep you healthy and vibrant.

  • Do light exercise regularly.
  • Resting on the stomach during pain and burning.
  • Administer heat/cold therapy.
  • A splint or brace can be used to keep the joint in a resting position.
  • icd 10 for rheumatoid arthritis

Along with these, blue berries, strawberries, dark chocolate, flax, walnuts, broccoli and green tea can be included in the patient’s diet. These foods help reduce inflammation in the patient.

Doable when the joint is stiff

Physical therapy and exercise will help you move better and with less pain. You can use moist heat (like a warm shower) to loosen up your stiff joints and ice packs (or even a bag of frozen peas) to control swollen joints. Relaxation techniques also ease muscle tension. An occupational therapist can show you how to do daily activities. icd 10 for rheumatoid arthritis

Can be done if the joint is swollen

If the swelling is severe, a doctor can remove excess fluid from the joint. This method is known as joint aspiration.

A doctor may inject a liquid called hydrocortisone into the joint. It is an anti-inflammatory drug that can reduce some of the symptoms associated with swelling. icd 10 for rheumatoid arthritis. Before this procedure, a doctor may apply a topical anesthetic spray or lidocaine to the skin above the aspiration site.

Doable for neck pain

Home remedies and lifestyle changes that can help manage neck pain due to rheumatoid arthritis include:

  • Consistent gentle physical activity like swimming and walking.
  • Using a therapeutic neck pillow to support the neck.
  • Applying warm compresses to relieve pain in muscles and stiff joints.
  • Applying cold compresses to reduce swelling and numb pain.
  • Stop smoking.
  • Support the back and neck while using the computer or sitting for long periods of time.
  • Keep smartphone at eye level to prevent neck strain.
  • Good practice with ears directly above shoulders, shoulders back and neck up and down towards chest.
  • icd 10 for rheumatoid arthritis

Exercise for Rheumatoid Arthritis

  1. Water aerobic exercise: Water aerobics, swimming and other gentle water exercises can help you add strength to your weak joints, increase range of motion and flexibility. It also helps reduce stiffness in your joints.
  2. Walking: Before you start walking, make sure you have the right pair of shoes that provide you with the right support. Start slow, stay hydrated and gradually increase your speed.
  3. Cycling: Cycling is another great low-impact activity that not only reduces joint pain but also boosts your heart health. icd 10 for rheumatoid arthritis
  4. Strength Training: Feel free to use weights, resistance bands, and weight machines to build muscle mass. Start small and gradually increase the intensity. Strength training 2-3 times a week is sufficient.
  5. Hand Exercises: Simple hand exercises such as curling fingers, placing your hands on the table and spreading your fingers wide, bending your wrists up and down add flexibility and strength to your hands.
  6. Stretching: Stretching helps reduce stiffness, increase flexibility and increase your range of motion. Move your arms while walking or standing in one spot for 3-5 minutes.Then slowly stretch all major muscle groups and hold each stretch for 10-20 seconds. Make sure to incorporate proper stretching routines with your other exercises to avoid joint pain. icd 10 for rheumatoid arthritis

At Agrani Specialist Manual & Manipulative Physiotherapy Center you will get complete treatment for Rheumatoid Arthritis. Here the specialist physiotherapy doctor will identify your problems and make a treatment plan, then a team of skilled doctors will implement it. There is regular treatment assessment and planning as needed. Physiotherapy treatment can help you live a side-effect-free, pain-free active life with rheumatoid arthritis. icd 10 for rheumatoid arthritis

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