i knew i had ovarian cancer because

I knew I had ovarian cancer because

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Cancer occurs when cells grow abnormally and invade nearby tissues and eventually spread to other parts of the body through the bloodstream or lymph nodes.

Ovarian cancer is cancer of the ovaries. They are a magnificent part of the female reproductive system, one located on each side of the uterus. The function of the ovaries is to produce eggs and hormones such as estrogen and progesterone.

i knew i had ovarian cancer because

Causes of ovarian cancer

  • Family history
  • Prolonged use of contraceptive pills
  • Fertility drugs
  • Breast cancer
  • Obesity
  • Gynecological surgery like hysterectomy
  • Endometriosis (abnormal tissue growth outside the lining of the uterus)

Types of ovarian cancer

Ovarian cancer falls into three main groups

1. Epithelial Tumors: These are found in the cells that line the surface of the ovary.

2. Germ Cell Tumors: These are found in the cells that are responsible for egg reproduction.

3. Primary Peritoneal Carcinoma: It is similar to epithelial tumor but it is not affected by ovarian removal.

Signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer

  • Lower abdominal pain.
  • Frequent urination
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Constipation
  • Nausea
  • Weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Indigestion
  • Shortness of breath
  • Diagnosis of ovarian cancer
  • A blood test is done to detect CA-125.
  • Transvaginal Ultrasound (Transvaginal Ultrasound)
  • MRI
  • CT Scan
  • Laparoscopy – A small incision is made in the lower abdomen through which a thin tube with a camera is inserted through which doctors examine the ovaries.
  • Abdominal fluid aspiration – If there is fluid accumulation and swelling in the abdomen, some fluid is removed and sent for testing.
  • A tissue sample is removed from the suspicious area and sent for testing.
  • i knew i had ovarian cancer because

Stages of ovarian cancer:

  • In the initial stage, the cancer is localized within the ovary.
  • Stage II: Cancer is present in the ovaries and has spread to other parts of the pelvis such as the uterus, fallopian tubes, bladder, and rectum.
  • Stage III: The cancer is present in the ovaries and either in the lining of the abdomen or in the lymph nodes behind the abdomen.
  • Stage IV: Cancer has spread to other parts of the body and outside the peritoneal cavity.

i knew i had ovarian cancer because

Ovarian cancer treatment depends on the stage and grade of the cancer. The available approaches for addressing ovarian cancer include the following treatment options. i knew i had ovarian cancer because

Surgery

Surgical options include:

  • The ovaries and fallopian tubes are removed. It is known as salpingo-oophorectomy.
  • Some tissue from the uterus and surrounding affected area is removed.
  • The extraction of lymph nodes situated around the pelvic and aortic regions is conducted, a procedure commonly referred to as lymph node dissection.

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy involves the administration of anti-cancer drugs to impede the proliferation of rapidly dividing cells responsible for cancer. By targeting dividing cells, it hinders their growth and division. Despite the associated side effects, chemotherapy remains a prevalent choice for cancer treatment. In contrast to radiation and surgery, which target cancer cells at specific sites, chemotherapy drugs have the capability to eliminate cancer cells that have spread or metastasized to various parts of the body. i knew i had ovarian cancer because

Targeted drug therapy

Targeted therapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses cancer drugs. However it differs from conventional chemotherapy, which also uses drugs to kill cancer cells. Targeted therapy targets specific cancer genes, proteins, or tissue environments that contribute to cancer growth and survival. Targeted therapy is usually used in conjunction with chemotherapy and other interventions.

Hormone therapy

Hormones in our body are produced in endocrine glands like the thyroid, pancreas, ovaries, and testes. Some hormones can help the growth of cancers like breast and prostate cancer. In hormone therapy, drugs are given to deprive cancer cells of the hormones they need to grow. In some cases, the specific gland responsible for the hormone can be surgically removed. i knew i had ovarian cancer because

Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy (also known as biologic therapy) is a new type of cancer treatment in which the body’s immune system is boosted to help the body fight the cancer itself. Immunotherapy employs compounds produced either naturally within the body or synthesized in a lab to enhance or revitalize the immune system’s capabilities.

ovarian cancer because

Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy is like a superhero for fighting cancer! It harnesses powerful beams of high-dose radiation to zap cancer cells and shrink those pesky tumors. How does it work, you ask? Well, it’s like a DNA ninja – the radiation destroys the DNA in cancer cells. When their DNA gets damaged, these rebel cells can’t multiply anymore and end up meeting their match. Our body’s natural processes then kick in, clearing away the defeated cancer cells. It’s like giving cancer a one-two punch!

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