hepatitis b surface antibody ql reactive

Hepatitis b surface antibody ql reactive

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About Hepatitis B?

Hepatitis B stands as the most prevalent serious liver infection globally. It is a disease caused by the hepatitis B virus that attacks the liver and causes liver damage. Two billion people (1 in every 3 people) are infected with the disease, and approximately 300 million people are living with chronic hepatitis B infection. Up to 1 million people die each year from hepatitis B, although it is a preventable and treatable disease.

The liver is very important in our body. It is the largest digestive gland present in the human body. Let’s find out what your liver is doing silently to keep your bodily functions running smoothly:

•           Stores vitamins, carbohydrates, and iron to help give your body the energy it needs.

•           Regulates cholesterol production and elimination.

•           Purifies your blood from waste products, drugs, and other toxins.

•           Synthesizes protein C along with fibrinogen, prothrombin factor 5, 7, 9, 10, etc. to stop excessive bleeding and blood clotting after a cut or injury.

•           Produces immune factors and removes bacteria from the bloodstream to fight infection.

•           It plays a crucial role in digestion by producing ‘bile,’ which aids in breaking down food and absorbing vital nutrients. As mentioned previously, hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver, and serum hepatitisv specifically results from an infection with the hepatitis B virus.

hepatitis b surface antibody ql reactive

hepatitis b surface antibody ql reactive

It is usually spread through blood transfusions or blood transfusions infected with serum hepatitis. This disease can be spread through other bodily fluids, such as semen, lymph, and vaginal fluid. The disease can be spread through blood during placental exchange from a pregnant mother infected with Hepatitis-B to her unborn child. This disease can also spread through contaminated dental or surgical instruments, toothbrushes, needles, etc. In addition, this disease can be spread fatally from contaminated injection syringes, especially among drug addicts who use the same syringe. As a result, it is good to know that the disease is not for them. It can become an epidemic.

Hepatitis-B virus

The virus responsible for hepatitis-B disease is a double-stranded DNA virus belonging to the Hepadnaviridae family. Its characteristics are close to those of retroviruses. It is one of the smallest animal viruses, with a virion diameter of 42 nm. Apart from humans, this virus is found in squirrels, herons, pecking ducks, etc.

Symptoms of hepatitis B

These symptoms usually become apparent about 1 to 4 months after the infection. Although you may see them within two weeks of being infected, Some people, usually young children, may have no symptoms.

Here’s a list of the typical signs and symptoms associated with hepatitis B:

•           Abdominal pain

•           Dark urine

•           Fever

•           Pain in the joints

•           Loss of appetite

•           Nausea and vomiting

•           Weakness and fatigue

•           Let’s go over the typical signs and symptoms of hepatitis B”

Diagnosis of Hepatitis-B:

Now the question is: how do we diagnose this disease? A simple blood test can be used to determine whether a hepatitis-B infection has occurred in the body. In this case, a hepatitis-B surface antigen test is done. If necessary, ultrasound (USG) and LFT are done.

Treatment of hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is preventable and treatable. There are various medications at your disposal for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B.. A doctor recommends treatment based on your physical condition and risk factors.

Medicines currently used help boost your immune system and slow down the rate at which the virus reproduces. But they don’t kill the virus completely. They give your liver as much of a safe guard as possible. There are basically two types of medicine used.

• Immune modulator drugs: immune modulators, also known as interferons, include peginterferon alfa-2a and interferon alpha-2b. These are synthetic versions of antibodies that fight disease in our bodies. They are used for 6 to 12 months and are given by injection. They are usually prescribed as first-line treatments for some adults and children.

•  Oral antiviral drugs: Antivirals taken by mouth are the most powerful drugs to control hepatitis B. Doctors choose these drugs depending on your physical and mental condition. First-line antivirals include tenofovir disoproxil, tenofovir alafenamide, and entecavir. In most cases, people who start taking these drugs have to stay on them for life.

But in no way should you take medicine on your own. Whatever medicine you want to take, especially for your health condition, you should only follow the advice of your doctor. hepatitis b surface antibody ql reactive

Diet for Hepatitis B

Having hepatitis doesn’t mean you have to cut out all the delicious food. An added benefit is that they also include antioxidants, providing protection to liver cells against potential damage.

Eating whole grains as part of a healthy hepatitis diet is very beneficial. It can be wheat bread or cereals, brown rice, whole-grain pasta, or porridge. You can also include other grains like oats, rye, oatmeal, and corn in your diet.

There is no substitute for fruits and vegetables to aid recovery from liver disease. As an added plus, they also come with antioxidants, which have the potential to safeguard liver cells from harm. Eating starchy vegetables such as potatoes and sweet potatoes is recommended. Either to heal the liver faster. It is best to avoid canned or frozen fruits as much as possible. It is always better to try fresh seasonal fruits.

Olive oil, canola oil, and flaxseed oil contain good lipids that can become an essential part of the diet for hepatitis patients.

Low-fat milk and the proteins it contains can also become part of a healthy liver diet, along with chicken, beans, eggs, and soy products. 

What foods should be avoided in a hepatitis diet?

Hepatitis b surface antibody ql reactive being selective about food is very important. Avoiding certain foods during hepatitis is equally important. Consuming too many foods that can damage the liver can worsen the disease and even cause permanent liver damage. Processed food items contain certain ingredients that are difficult to digest and relatively devoid of nutrients. Processed bread, cheese, and almost all fast food items should also be avoided, as they can further damage the liver and prolong recovery time by hindering liver recovery.

Hydrogenated oils must be eliminated from the diet. In fact, switch to healthy oils for a lifelong, healthy liver. Avoid foods rich in saturated fats or trans-fats. hepatitis b surface antibody ql reactive

Sugar intake must be limited for a healthy liver. Various ready-made juices contain a high concentration of sugar, which can be difficult for the liver to digest when the hepatitis virus attacks the body. Cold drinks should be avoided at all costs. Alcohol and smoking should be completely stopped.

Now, many people have the question of whether hepatitis B can be cured or not.

Hepatitis B is curable.

If you are infected with temporary hepatitis B, your body’s natural immunity can cure the disease just by following these simple rules. A blood test is enough to know if you are free of the infection. If you do not fully recover from the infection, you will suffer from a chronic infection that will last a lifetime. Chronic hepatitis B is not curable but can be controlled with treatment. hepatitis b surface antibody ql reactive

hepatitis b surface antibody

Organs infected with hepatitis B


The liver is such a vital organ that we can only survive for a day or two if it completely shuts down; if the liver fails, so will your body. Even if up to 80% of the liver is damaged or removed, we can still function with the remainder. This is because healthy liver cells regenerate new liver cells, which continue our bodily functions. hepatitis b surface antibody ql reactive

The term ‘hepatitis’ essentially signifies the ‘inflammation’ of the liver. So, when we say ‘hepatitis B,’ we’re talking about liver inflammation resulting from the hepatitis B virus.With early detection and proper follow-up treatment, following doctors’ advice and care, people living with chronic hepatitis B infection can also enjoy a long and healthy life. So, if you notice any symptoms or physical ailments, visit your nearest doctor without delay. hepatitis b surface antibody ql reactive

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