CVS Tuberculosis Test

CVS Tuberculosis Test

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Overview

Tuberculosis (TB) is a grave condition primarily impacting the respiratory system, particularly the lungs.

CVS Tuberculosis Test.

Tuberculosis can spread when a sick person coughs, sneezes, or sings. It can drop small droplets with germs into the air. Inhaling the droplets containing germs can allow them to enter the lungs when aanother individual breathes them in.

CVS Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis spreads easily when people are crowded or where people live in crowded conditions. People with HIV/AIDS and other people with weakened immune systems have a higher risk of developing tuberculosis than people with normal immune systems.

Medicines called antibiotics can treat tuberculosis. However some types of bacteria no longer respond well to treatment.

Symptoms

When tuberculosis (TB) bacteria survive and multiply in the lungs, it is called a TB infection. TB infection can occur in one of three stages. Symptoms are different at each stage.

Primary TB infection. The first stage is called primary infection. Cells of the immune system find and capture pathogens. The immune system can completely destroy the germs. But some trapped microbes can still survive and multiply.

Most people have no symptoms during the initial infection. Certain individuals might encounter symptoms resembling those of the flu, including:

  • Low fever.
  • Fatigue.
  • Cough.

Latent TB infection. Primary infection is usually called latent TB infection. Immune system cells form a wall around the lung tissue with TB germs. If the immune system keeps them under control, the germs can do no more harm. But germs survive. There are no symptoms during latent TB infection.

Active TB disease. Active TB disease occurs when the immune system cannot control the infection. Germs cause disease in the lungs or other parts of the body. Active TB disease can occur soon after primary infection. However it usually occurs after months or years of latent TB infection.

Symptoms of active TB disease in the lungs usually start slowly and worsen over several weeks. They may include:

  • Cough.
  • Coughing up blood or mucus.
  • Chest pain.
  • Pain with shortness of breath or cough.
  • Fever.
  • Feeling cold.
  • Night sweats.
  • Lose weight.
  • Does not want to eat.
  • Fatigue.
  • Not feeling well in general.

Active CVS Tuberculosis Test disease outside the lungs. The infection of tuberculosis (TB) has the potential to extend from the lungs to various other areas of the body.This is called extrapulmonary tuberculosis. The symptoms differ based on the specific body part affected by the infection. Common symptoms may include:

  • Fever.
  • Feeling cold.
  • Night sweats.
  • Lose weight.
  • Does not want to eat.
  • Fatigue.
  • Not feeling well in general.
  • Pain near the site of infection.

Active TB disease in the voice box is outside the lungs, but it causes symptoms similar to lung disease.

Frequently affected locations by active TB disease beyond the lungs encompass:

  • Kidneys.
  • Liver.
  • Fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord.
  • Heart muscle.
  • Genital organs.
  • Lymph nodes.
  • Bones and joints.
  • Leather.
  • Blood vessel walls.
  • Voice box, also called larynx.

Active TB disease in children. Symptoms of active tuberculosis in children vary. Typically, age-specific symptoms may include the following:

  • Teenagers. The symptoms mimic those observed in grown-ups.
  • 1- to 12-year-olds. Young children may have a fever that won’t go away and weight loss.

Children. Baby is not growing or gaining weight as expected. Also, a child may have symptoms of fluid swelling around the brain or spinal cord, including:

  • Being lethargic or inactive.
  • Unusually fussy.
  • Vomiting.
  • Poor feeding.
  • Swelling of soft spots on head.
  • Poor reflexes.

When to see a doctor?

The symptoms of tuberculosis are similar to those of other diseases. See your healthcare provider if there is no improvement after a few days of rest.

Get urgent care if you have:

  • Chest pain.
  • Sudden, severe headache.
  • Confusion.
  • Convulsions.
  • Difficulty breathing.
  • Get immediate or emergency care if you:
  • Coughing up blood.
  • You have blood in your urine or stool.

Reasons

Tuberculosis is caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

People with active TB disease in the lungs or voice box can spread the disease. They release tiny droplets that carry bacteria through the air. It can happen when they are talking, singing, laughing, coughing or sneezing. A person can get an infection after inhaling the droplets.

The disease is more likely to spread when people spend a lot of time together indoors. So the disease spreads easily in places where people live or work together for long periods of time. Also, the disease spreads more easily in crowded gatherings.

A person with latent TB infection cannot transmit the disease to other people. A person taking drugs to treat active tuberculosis usually does not get over the disease after 2 to 3 weeks of treatment.

TB with resistance to medications:

CVS

Some forms of TB bacteria have become drug-resistant. This indicates that medications that were once effective in treating the illness are now ineffective.This occurs, in part, due to naturally occurring genetics

risk factors

Anyone can get tuberculosis, but certain factors increase the risk of infection. Other factors increase the risk of infection with active TB disease.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends TB testing for those at risk for TB infection or active TB disease. Talk to your healthcare provider if you have one or more of the following risk factors.

Risk of TB infection

Certain living or working conditions make it easy for the disease to pass from one person to another. These conditions increase the risk of TB infection:

  • Living with someone with active TB disease.
  • Living in or traveling to a country where TB is common, including several countries in Latin America, Africa, Asia, and the Pacific Islands.
  • Living or working in places where people live together, such as prisons, nursing homes, and homeless shelters.
  • Living in communities identified as being at high risk for tuberculosis.
  • Working in health care and treating people at high risk of tuberculosis.

Risk of active TB disease

A weakened immune system increases the risk of TB infection developing into active TB disease. Factors or therapies that compromise the immune system encompass:

  • HIV/AIDS.
  • Diabetes.
  • Severe kidney disease.
  • Head, neck, and blood cancers.
  • Malnutrition or low body weight.
  • Cancer treatment, such as chemotherapy.
  • Medications to inhibit the rejection of newly transplanted organs.
  • Long-term use of prescription steroids.
  • Illegal injection drug use.
  • Alcohol abuse.
  • Engaging in smoking and the consumption of alternative tobacco items.

Age and active TB disease

The risk of TB infection and developing active TB disease varies with age.

  • Under 5 years of age. Until children reach 5 years of age, their TB infection is at high risk of developing into active CVS Tuberculosis Test. The likelihood is greater in children below the age of 2 years.Tuberculosis in this age group often leads to serious disease in the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal column, called meningitis.
  • 15 to 25 years of age. People in this age group are at increased risk of developing more severe active TB disease in the lungs.
  • Age 65 and over. The immune system weakens in old age. Older adults are at higher risk of active CVS Tuberculosis Test. Also, the disease can be more difficult to treat.

resistance

If you test positive for latent TB infection, you may need to take medication to prevent active CVS Tuberculosis Test.

Preventing the spread of disease

If you have active TB disease, you need to take steps to prevent infecting other people. You will take the medicine for four, six or nine months. Take all medications as directed the entire time. CVS Tuberculosis Test

During the first 2 to 3 weeks, you will be able to pass the TB bacteria to others. Protect others with these steps:

  • Stay at home. Don’t go to work or school.
  • Isolate at home. Spend as little time as possible between your family members. Sleep in separate rooms.
  • Ventilate the room. Tuberculosis bacteria tend to disseminate more readily in confined, enclosed areas. If the weather permits, consider opening a window to promote ventilation. Employing a fan to circulate air can be beneficial—use one to expel air and another to draw fresh air inside, especially if you have multiple windows.
  • Wear a face mask. Put on a mask when in the presence of others.
  •  Ask other household members to wear masks for their own protection.
  • Cover your face. Employ a tissue to shield your mouth when sneezing or coughing. Place the soiled tissue in a bag, seal it, and throw it away.
  • Vaccination

In countries where tuberculosis is common, children are often vaccinated with the bacilli Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine. It protects infants and young children who are more likely to have active TB disease in the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord.

The vaccine does not protect against lung disease, which is more likely in the United States. Numerous tuberculosis vaccines are currently undergoing different phases of development and evaluation CVS Tuberculosis Test.

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