conditions secondary to ischemic heart disease

Conditions secondary to ischemic heart disease

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Ischemic heart disease is chest pain or discomfort that recurs when part of the heart muscle doesn’t get enough blood. “Ischemic” means a part of the body is not getting enough blood flow and, thus, oxygen.

Ischemic coronary heart occurs when plaque builds up in the walls of coronary arteries. Symptoms of ischemic  coronary heart often appear during excitement or physical exertion, but can occur suddenly and without warning.

Treatment options often involve lifestyle adjustments, medications, and occasionally surgical interventions.

This article looks at ischemic heart disease and its symptoms, causes and treatment. Read on to learn ways you can reduce your risk of this form of  coronary heart.

conditions secondary to ischemic heart disease

What is ischemic heart disease?

Ischemic  coronary heart is commonly known as coronary heart disease or coronary artery disease.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), ischemic  coronary heart is the most common form of heart disease in the United States. It also stands as a prominent factor contributing to the occurrence of heart attacks.

This disease often occurs when cholesterol particles in the blood build up on the walls of the arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle. Eventually, deposits called plaque may form. These plaques are caused by inflammation.

This buildup causes the arteries to narrow. This narrowing can block blood flow. It reduces the amount of oxygenated blood in the heart muscle. This process is called atherosclerosis.

Individuals with ischemic coronary heart may experience chest pain or discomfort when engaged in physical activity or excitement. These times are when the heart needs greater blood flow. This type of chest pain is called “angina”.

Signs and symptoms of this disease can develop slowly as the plaques gradually block the arteries. However, sometimes symptoms appear quickly if an artery becomes suddenly blocked.

Some individuals with ischemic coronary heart may not exhibit any symptoms.

conditions secondary to ischemic heart disease

A heart attack may be the first sign of a problem for someone with silent ischemia. Others may initially experience severe chest pain and shortness of breath.

Ischemic coronary heart can often be effectively treated through lifestyle changes, medications, and, in some cases, surgical interventions.

You can reduce your risk of this disease by following heart-healthy practices. These include eating a low-fat, low-sodium diet, being physically active, not smoking, and maintaining a moderate body weight.

If left untreated, ischemic coronary heart can lead to a heart attack. Get immediate medical attention (call 911) for serious symptoms such as severe chest pain, difficulty breathing, dizziness, fainting, pale or blue lips, or a fast heartbeat.

If you are being treated for angina, seek medical care quickly if you have symptoms that recur, worsen, or persist even with rest.

What are the symptoms of ischemic heart disease?

Ischemic coronary heart reduces the amount of blood flowing through the coronary arteries. These arteries carry oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle.

When blood and oxygen are reduced in the heart, various symptoms can appear. Symptoms may vary from person to person.

Common symptoms of ischemic heart disease

Your ischemic coronary heart symptoms may be present every day, occasionally, or not at all. When symptoms do occur, common symptoms include chest pain, chest tightness, or shortness of breath:

  • It may feel like pain, pressure, heaviness, or stiffness that starts in the chest spreads to the arms, back, or other areas
  • May feel like gas or indigestion
  • Similar episodes will occur again and again
  • Normally, the heart has to work harder during physical activity
  • Reduce with rest or medication
  • Usually lasts a short time, about 5 minutes or less

Serious symptoms that may indicate a life-threatening conditionIschemic coronary heart can lead to heart attacks.

Get immediate medical care (call 911) for any of these serious symptoms, including:

  • Chest pain or pressure, usually on the left side of the body, which may radiate to the jaw, neck, shoulder, or arm
  • sticky skin
  • Without nausea or vomiting
  • Rapid breathing or shortness of breath
  • Dizziness or near fainting

What causes ischemic heart disease?

In ischemic coronary heart, narrowing of the coronary arteries reduces the amount of oxygenated blood flowing to the heart muscle. Without adequate blood flow, the heart muscle does not receive the amount of oxygen it needs to function properly.

Ischemic coronary heart occurs more frequently in people with atherosclerosis. It is a buildup of plaque on the walls of the coronary arteries. However, blood supply can also be reduced due to blood clots, coronary artery spasms or serious illnesses that increase the heart’s need for oxygen.

What factors contribute to the risk of developing ischemic heart disease?

Several factors increase the risk of ischemic coronary heart. While not everyone with risk factors will develop ischemic coronary heart, some common contributors include:

  • Diabetes
  • Family history of coronary heart
  • High cholesterol or triglycerides
  • high blood pressure
  • obesity
  • Physical disability
  • Smoking and other tobacco use
  • Insomnia
  • Reducing your risk of ischemic heart disease

You may be able to reduce your risk of ischemic heart disease by:

  • Administer with caution if you have diabetes
  • Do regular physical activity
  • Keep your cholesterol below target levels
  • Maintain normal blood pressure
  • Quit smoking and other tobacco use

Lower your dietary intake of cholesterol and fat.

How is ischemic heart disease treated?

This section discusses treatments and procedures for ischemic coronary heart as well as lifestyle changes that can improve the condition. conditions secondary to ischemic heart disease.

Medicines to treat ischemic heart disease

Medication is a frequently employed treatment for ischemic coronary heart and may include:

  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, designed to reduce blood pressure and promote blood vessel relaxation.
  • Angiotensin receptor blockers, designed to reduce blood pressure and induce relaxation of blood vessels.
  • Anti-ischemic agents, such as ranolazine (Ranexa)
  • Antiplatelet drugs, which prevent blood clotting
  • Beta-blockers, which slow the heart rate
  • Calcium channel blockers, which reduce the workload of the heart muscle
  • Nitrates, which dilate blood vessels
  • Statins, which lower cholesterol

There are several drugs within each class of drugs for the treatment of ischemic heart disease. Your doctor will work with you to choose the best one for your condition.

Tell your doctor if you have problems with your medication, such as side effects. It’s possible your doctor can find an alternative medicine that might work better for you. conditions secondary to ischemic heart disease.

Methods of treating ischemic heart disease

ischemic heart disease

If medications alone are not enough to relieve severe symptoms, your doctor may recommend a coronary angioplasty and stent placement procedure or a coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery.

Coronary angioplasty and stent placement is a catheter-based procedure that removes plaque and restores blood flow to blocked arteries.

CABG is a surgery that helps restore blood flow to the heart by rerouting blood flow through a transplanted artery. conditions secondary to ischemic heart disease.

How to enhance your management of ischemic heart disease

In addition to medications and procedures, you may be able to improve your ischemic heart disease with lifestyle changes. These are the same healthy habits that can help reduce the risk of ischemic heart disease. conditions secondary to ischemic heart disease.

What are the possible complications of ischemic heart disease?

Possible complications of ischemic heart disease include:

  • Arrhythmia, characterized by an irregular heart rhythm.
  • Chronic angina
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Repeated heart attacks

Summary

Ischemic heart disease, also known as coronary artery disease, is the most common heart condition in the United States and the leading cause of heart attacks.

The disease often results from atherosclerosis, which is the buildup of fatty plaque in the arteries of the heart.These deposits reduce blood flow and oxygen supply to the heart muscle. A heart-healthy lifestyle is important for both prevention and treatment of this potentially life-threatening disease.conditions secondary to ischemic heart disease.

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