center for anxiety disorders and phobias fairfield ct

Center for anxiety disorders and phobias fairfield ct

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Anxiety?

Feelings of fear, dread, and uneasiness are known as anxiety. Anxiety can cause sweating, restlessness, feelings of tension, and rapid heartbeat. Anxiety can occur as a normal response to stress, and treating it can help you deal with the fear. A normal level of anxiety can boost your energy and help you focus. However, for individuals suffering from anxiety disorders, fear may not be temporary and may become overwhelming.

center for anxiety disorders and phobias fairfield ct

What are the different types of anxiety disorders?

Conditions in which anxiety does not go away and may worsen over time are called anxiety disorders. There exists a diverse array of anxiety disorders, including but not limited to:

  • Panic Disorder: A condition where one experiences repeated panic attacks at unexpected times and the person may fear the next panic attack.
  • Social Anxiety Disorder: This is a condition of experiencing an extreme fear of being judged in social situations.
  • A phobia is characterized by an intense and irrational fear towards a particular situation, activity, or object.
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder: irrational, repetitive thoughts that can lead to repeated, performance of certain behaviors.
  • Illness Anxiety Disorder: A condition where you have anxiety about your health.
  • Separation Anxiety Disorder: Fear of being away from home or family members.
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) manifests as anxiety following exposure to a traumatic event, reflecting a challenging aftermath. center for anxiety disorders and phobias fairfield ct

What is the cause of concern?

The various causes of concern are:

  • Traumatic events.
  • Inherited condition.
  • Heart disease.
  • Diabetes.
  • Thyroid disorders
  • Respiratory disorders, such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (a group of lung diseases)
  • Drug abuse
  • Drug withdrawal
  • Withdrawal from alcohol
  • Easing off anti-anxiety medications or other prescribed drugs can involve the process of gradually discontinuing their use.
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (a bowel disorder that causes abdominal pain and discomfort)
  • Rare tumors
  • Side effects of certain medications

What are the risk factors for anxiety?

Several factors can heighten the likelihood of experiencing anxiety, and these may encompass:

  • Trauma
  • Stress
  • Stress due to a medical condition
  • Family history of anxiety disorders
  • Mental health disorders, such as depression
  • People with certain personality types
  • Drug abuse or drug withdrawal
  • center for anxiety disorders and phobias fairfield ct

• Alcohol abuse or alcohol withdrawal

What are the symptoms of anxiety?

  • Nervousness
  • Restlessness
  • Over tension.
  • Sense of impending danger
  • Panic
  • Increased heart rate
  • Rapid breathing (hyperventilation)
  • Sweating
  • Fatigue
  • Shaky hands.
  • Sleep problems.
  • Trouble concentrating on things other than the current worry
  • Gastrointestinal problems.
  • Ask to avoid things that may cause anxiety
  • Persistent worry about something
  • center for anxiety disorders and phobias fairfield ct

center for anxiety disorders and phobias fairfield ct

Physical Examination: The doctor will physically examine the patient and check for any underlying medical conditions that may be causing concern.

Psychological evaluation: A psychiatrist can help evaluate your mental health status and identify the cause of your anxiety and provide counseling.

What is the treatment for anxiety?

There are two main types of treatment for anxiety disorders, namely psychotherapy and medication. At times, a blend of both these approaches is employed for treatment.

Psychotherapy:

  • Psychotherapy, also called psychological counseling or talk therapy, involves working with a psychotherapist to reduce anxiety symptoms.
  • Among various psychotherapies, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) stands out as particularly effective in aaddressing anxiety disorders.
  • CBT focuses on teaching specific skills to improve anxiety symptoms and gradually return to activities that were previously avoided due to anxiety.
  • CBT includes exposure therapy, where a person is gradually exposed to situations or objects that cause anxiety so that the person can gradually build confidence to manage the situation and anxiety symptoms.

Medicines:

Depending on the type of anxiety disorder you have and your overall health, you may be prescribed a variety of medications to treat your anxiety. center for anxiety disorders and phobias fairfield ct

Some medications that may be given to treat anxiety include:

  • Certain types of antidepressants may be used to treat anxiety disorders.
  • Benzodiazepines such as diazepam or Valium may be used in some cases. However, these drugs are highly addictive.
  • Tricyclics are beneficial for most types of anxiety disorders except obsessive-compulsive disorder. These can cause side effects such as drowsiness, dizziness, weight gain, and dry mouth.
  • Other medications such as beta-blockers, monoamine oxidase inhibitors, and buspirone may also be used to treat anxiety.
  • Talk to your doctor about the possible risks and side effects of any medication you are being prescribed.
  • center for anxiety disorders and phobias fairfield ct

What are the complications of anxiety?

center for anxiety disorders and phobias fairfield ct

Complications of concern include:

  • Depression
  • Substance abuse
  • Digestive problems
  • Intestinal problems
  • Insomnia or trouble sleeping
  • Headache
  • Chronic pain
  • Poor quality of life
  • Suicide
  • Social isolation
  • Trouble working efficiently
  • center for anxiety disorders and phobias fairfield ct

How to prevent anxiety?

Anxiety can be prevented in the following ways:

  • Avoid alcohol consumption
  • Avoid drug use
  • Quit smoking
  • Cut down on caffeinated beverages
  • Maintain a healthy diet
  • Maintain a regular sleep pattern
  • Regulate stress.
  • Try to exercise regularly.
  • Reach out to those in your immediate circle for assistance at your earliest convenience.

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