bowel cancer stomach noises

Bowel cancer stomach noises

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bowel cancer stomach noises

The stomach as an organ receives and holds food before it is broken down and digested. Stomach cancer starts when cancer cells form in the inner lining of your stomach. These cells can develop into a tumor. Often referred to as stomach cancer, this condition typically develops gradually over an extended period.

Symptoms of Stomach Cancer

The following are common signs and symptoms:

  • tiredness
  • Feeling bloated after eating
  • Eating a little fills the stomach
  • Severe and persistent heartburn
  • Severe and persistent indigestion
  • Persistent and unexplained nausea and vomiting
  • Unexplained abdominal pain
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Types of stomach cancer

The kind of stomach cancer is identified based on the specific cells that make up the tumor:

  • Adenocarcinoma or cancer that starts in glandular cells – Adenocarcinoma accounts for most stomach cancers. Sometimes, glandular cells that line the inside of the stomach and secrete a protective layer of mucus to protect the stomach lining from acidic digestive juices can become cancerous.
  • Lymphoma, an uncommon type of cancer originating from immune system cells, may be triggered by a small group of these cells found in the stomach lining.
  • Carcinoid cancer—or cancer that starts in hormone-producing cells—is a rare cancer that can develop from hormone-producing cells.
  • Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) or cancer that starts in nervous system tissue – A rare form of cancer, gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) occurs in certain nervous system cells found in the stomach. Because most types of stomach cancer are rare, when people use the term “stomach cancer” they are referring to adenocarcinoma. bowel cancer stomach noises

bowel cancer stomach noises

Methods and examinations employed to identify stomach cancer encompass:

  • Endoscopy – A thin tube with a small camera is placed down your throat and into your stomach to look for any signs of cancer. If something suspicious is detected, a piece of tissue sample is sent for biopsy (analysis).
  • Imaging examinations – To check for stomach cancer, doctors may use imaging tests such as computerized tomography (CT) scans, positron emission tomography (PET), and a specific type of X-ray test known as a barium swallow.
  • Exploratory surgery – Surgery is recommended after there is evidence that the cancer has spread beyond the abdomen. Exploratory surgery is usually done laparoscopically where several small incisions are made in the abdomen with the insertion of a special camera that transmits images to a monitor in the operating theatre. bowel cancer stomach noises

Stomach cancer stage

The different stages of adenocarcinoma, also referred to as stomach cancer, are as follows:

Stage I – In the initial stage (Stage I), the tumor is limited to the tissue layer lining the inside of the abdomen. Additionally, cancer cells may spread to a small number of nearby lymph nodes.

Stage II – In this stage, the cancer has spread deeper, growing into the muscle layer of the abdominal wall. Cancer cells can also spread to lymph nodes.

Stage III– In this stage, the cancer may have grown through all layers of the stomach or it may be a small cancer that has spread more widely to the lymph nodes. bowel cancer stomach noises

Stage IV – This stage indicates that the cancer has spread to distant parts of the body.

Stomach cancer surgery

The goal of surgery is to remove every bit of stomach cancer and a margin of healthy tissue whenever possible. Options include:

  • Removal of early-stage tumors from the lining of the stomach – Very small cancers confined to the inner lining of the stomach can be removed with an endoscopic mucosal resection procedure. An endoscope is a lighted tube with a camera that goes down your throat and into your stomach. The surgeon uses special tools to remove the cancer and a margin of healthy tissue from the stomach lining.
  • Subtotal Gastrectomy – During a subtotal gastrectomy, the surgeon removes only the part of the stomach that has cancer.
  • Complete Stomach Removal – With a total gastrectomy, the entire stomach and some surrounding tissue are taken out. Following this, the esophagus is directly linked to the small intestine, allowing food to smoothly pass through your digestive system.
  • Checking for Cancer in Lymph Nodes – During this procedure, the surgeon checks and removes lymph nodes in your abdomen to search for any cancer cells.
  •  Surgery to relieve signs and symptoms – Although surgery cannot cure, removing part of the stomach can provide relief and provide some relief to those who are struggling with signs and symptoms of advanced stage stomach cancer. bowel cancer stomach noises
bowel cancer stomach noises

Radiation therapy

Neoadjuvant radiation therapy is prescribed before surgery to shrink and localize the abdominal tumor so that it can be removed more easily. Adjuvant radiation therapy is prescribed after surgery to kill any cancer cells that may be around your abdomen. Proton therapy is an advanced form of radiotherapy that can be used to treat tumors that are difficult to reach. Because of this, precision can be used to effectively treat stomach cancer without affecting nearby vital organs such as the kidneys, liver, pancreas, and intestines. Radiation is often combined with chemotherapy. bowel cancer stomach noises

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy involves using medications to eliminate cancer cells that have extended beyond the stomach. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy is prescribed before surgery to help shrink and localize the tumor so it can be removed more easily. Adjuvant chemotherapy is given after surgery to kill any cancer cells that may be in the body. Chemotherapy is often combined with radiation therapy. In certain cases of advanced cancer, chemotherapy alone might be employed to alleviate signs and symptoms. bowel cancer stomach noises

Targeted drugs

  • Targeted therapy uses drugs to attack specific abnormalities within cancer cells such as the following-
  • Trastuzumab (Herceptin) for stomach cancer cells that make too much HER2.
  • Imatinib (Gleevec) is prescribed for an uncommon type of stomach cancer known as gastrointestinal stromal tumor.
  • Sunitinib (Sutent) for gastrointestinal stromal tumors.

Cancer cell tests can indicate what type of treatment might work for patients. bowel cancer stomach noises

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