asthma exacerbation icd 10

Asthma exacerbation icd 10

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Asthma, often known as bronchial asthma, is a respiratory ailment. It is a chronic (ongoing) illness, which means it will not go away and will require ongoing medical care. However, we can take early precautions by gaining knowledge about the causes and treatment of asthma.

Asthma attack

With regular breathing, the muscles around your airways relax, allowing air to pass through freely and comfortably.

In the midst of an wheezing episode, three distinct occurrences may take place:

Bronchospasm: The muscles surrounding the airways contract (tighten). When they contract, your airways narrow. Narrowed airways prevent air from flowing freely.

Inflammation: The lining of your airways becomes swollen. Swollen airways restrict the amount of air that enters and leaves your lungs.

Excess Mucus Production: When an wheezing attack occurs, your body increases its mucus production. Mucus blocks the airways. When your airways are narrowed, a wheezing sound is made when you breathe. An asthma episode is also known as an exacerbation or flare-up. This happens when your wheezing is not under control.

asthma exacerbation icd 10

asthma exacerbation icd 10

According to the cause and severity of symptoms, wheezing can be divided into different categories:

Intermittent: This type of wheezing comes and goes, so you can feel normal between asthma flares.

Persistent: When you have persistent wheezing, you have symptoms almost all the time. Symptoms can range from mild to severe. Asthma severity is determined by how often you have symptoms. We also consider your capacity to carry out tasks during an asthma attack.

It can be classified below:

Allergic: Allergies can trigger wheezing attacks in certain people. Examples of allergens include mould, pollen, and pet dander.

Non-allergy: wheezing flare-ups can be caused by non-allergy. Exercise, stress, illness, and the weather can all trigger attacks.

Asthma can also cause: Adult-onset: This type of wheezing begins after the age of 18. Paediatric: This type of wheezing, often called childhood wheezing, usually develops before the age of five and can affect newborns and young children. Children are likely to outgrow asthma.

Furthermore, various forms of asthma include:

Exercise-induced wheezing is also called exercise-induced bronchospasm. It is stimulated by some form of exertion.

Occupational wheezing: This type of wheezing usually develops in people who primarily work with irritants.

Asthma-COPD overlap syndrome (ACOS): This occurs when wheezing and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are present. Both diseases make breathing difficult.

Who can get asthma? Asthma can happen to anyone at any age. People with allergies to irritants are more likely to develop asthma. According to statistics, women are more likely to suffer from wheezing than men.

Causes of asthma

What causes asthma?

Researchers still can’t figure out exactly why some people get wheezing and others don’t. However, several conditions increase the risk:

Allergies: If you have allergies, you are more likely to develop wheezing.Environmental factors: People exposed to things that irritate the airways can develop wheezing. Allergens, poisons, smoke, and second-hand or third-hand smoke are examples of these irritants. They are especially dangerous for newborns and young children, whose immune system is not yet fully developed.

Genetics: Your risk of developing wheezing or allergies is higher if you have a family history.

Respiratory infections: Infections such as respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) can damage a baby’s developing lungs.

Asthma triggers

If you are exposed to irritants, you may experience an wheezing attack. Knowing what triggers an wheezing attack makes it easier to avoid an attack.

How a trigger response varies from person to person, for some, the attack may start immediately while for others it may start hours or days later.

Triggers can be different for each person. But some common triggers include:

Air Pollution – Factory emissions, automobile exhaust, and wildfire smoke are all examples of air pollution.

Dust Mites – Dust mites are insects that cannot be seen with the naked eye. If you have a dust mite allergy, they can trigger an wheezing attack.

Exercise – Exercise can trigger attacks in certain people.

Mold – Mold can grow in damp environments, which can be a problem if you have wheezing. Attacks can happen even if you don’t have a mold allergy.

Insects – Cockroaches, can trigger wheezing episodes in your pet.

Pets – Breathing in pet dander (dry skin flakes) can irritate your airways if you’re allergic to it.

Smoke from Tobacco – You are more likely to develop wheezing if you or someone in your family smokes. You should never smoke in an enclosed space such as a car or your home, and quitting smoking is the best option. Some people can be triggered by these things – toxins or smells.

Specific Occupational Hazards – Cleaning products, flour or wood dust, and other chemicals are some of the things you may be exposed to at work. All of those can be triggers if you have wheezing.


Signs and symptoms of asthma

People with wheezing usually have obvious symptoms. These signs and symptoms are similar to many respiratory infections:

Pressure, pain or pressure in the chest.

Cough (especially at night). Shortness of breath. up to You may not experience all of these symptoms with every wheezing attack. Chronic wheezing can cause different symptoms and signs at different times. Between wheezing attacks, symptoms can also change. Diagnosis Usually made by the history given by the patient and spirometric evaluation. asthma exacerbation icd 10


Preventing wheezing attacks and maintaining long-term control is essential. Learning to recognize your triggers, trying to avoid them, and taking inventory of your breathing to make sure your medications are keeping your symptoms under control are all part of treatment.


Long-term wheezing control medications – These are the mainstay of wheezing treatment and are usually taken daily. These medications help control wheezing on a daily basis and reduce the likelihood of an wheezing attack. Types of long-term control medications include:

Inhaled corticosteroids- need to be used for days to weeks before they reach their maximum benefit. Inhaled corticosteroids have a relatively low risk of serious side effects compared to oral corticosteroids.

Leukotriene modifiers. These oral medications help relieve wheezing symptoms. asthma exacerbation icd 10

Montelukast has been associated with agitation, violence, hallucinations, depression, and suicidal ideation, among other things. Get medical help immediately if you have any of these reactions.

Combination inhaler. These drugs contain a long-acting beta-agonist with a corticosteroid.

Theophylline. It is a daily pill that relaxes the muscles around the airways to help keep the airways open. It is not used as often as other wheezing medications and requires regular blood tests.

Quick-relief (rescue) medications – These are used as needed during an wheezing attack for quick, short-term symptom relief. If your doctor recommends it, you can also take them before exercise. Types of quick relief medications include:

Short-acting beta-agonists. These fast-acting bronchodilators are inhaled and work quickly to relieve symptoms during an wheezing attack. A portable, hand-held inhaler or a nebulizer, a machine that converts wheezing medication into a fine mist, can be used to take short-acting beta-agonists. They are inhaled using a mouthpiece or face mask. asthma exacerbation icd 10

Anticholinergic agents. They work quickly to immediately relax your airways, making breathing easier. They are mostly used for emphysema and chronic bronchitis, but can also be used to treat wheezing.

Long term use can cause dangerous side effects, they are only used to treat severe wheezing symptoms.

If you have an wheezing flare-up, a quick-relief inhaler can relieve your symptoms right away. But if your long-term control medications are working properly, you may not need to use the quick-relief inhaler very often.

Allergy medicines can help if your wheezing is triggered or worsened by allergies. These include:

Immunotherapy. It gradually reduces your immune system’s response to certain allergens. You usually receive the shot once a week for a few months, then once a month for three to five years.

Biologics. These medicines are especially for people with severe wheezing.

Bronchial thermoplasty

This treatment is used when severe wheezing does not respond well to inhaled corticosteroids or other long-term wheezing therapy. It is not easily available, and it is not suitable for everyone.

Now that we know everything about wheezing symptoms and treatment, it is good practice to take care of it as soon as possible to avoid serious health complications. We are one of the best hospitals for wheezing treatment in Hyderabad as we focus on diagnosis and treatment of various respiratory diseases. It is a one-stop center for all lung related disorders. asthma exacerbation icd 10

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