7 day meal plan for ulcerative colitis

7 day meal plan for ulcerative colitis

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What does ulcerative colitis mean?

Let’s talk about ulcerative colitis – it’s like a friendly reminder that our intestines deserve some TLC. This type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) kicks in when the lining of the intestine decides to throw a little inflammation party. Time to give our gut some extra attention. This can cause irritation and ulcers (ulcers) in the digestive tract over a long period of time. Meet Crohn’s disease – it tends to be a bit of a party crasher in the lower regions of the large intestine (you know, the colon) and the rectum. The symptoms? They like to take their sweet time showing up. But here’s the thing – sometimes, Crohn’s disease can be a bit mischievous and lead to some serious complications. Time to keep an eye out for our gut’s well-being.

7 day meal plan for ulcerative colitis

There is no known cure for ulcerative colitis, but doctors can give you a line of treatments to relieve the signs and symptoms associated with the disease. Crohn’s disease usually affects people of all ages, but it is most common between the ages of 15 and 35. Here’s the scoop: this thing usually makes its appearance in the gentlemen’s club, particularly among the over-50 crew. It’s like a little reminder for the fellas to keep an eye on their well-being as the years add up!

7 day meal plan for ulcerative colitis

Here’s the mystery of ulcerative colitis: We’re still on the lookout for the exact culprit behind it.. Stress and a high-fat diet were once considered risk factors, but later doctors confirmed that these conditions can exacerbate Crohn’s disease, but they are not the only factors.

Some risk factors that may be responsible for causing ulcerative colitis include:

Immune system-related problems – A person with a weak immune system is prone to various diseases including Crohn’s disease. Conversely, an overactive immune system can also lead to ulcerative colitis. Picture this: your immune system, like a superhero squad, is on a mission to shield your body from sneaky invaders and keep it safe from infections. It’s like having your personal team of defenders always on the lookout! But, sometimes the immune system attacks the body itself causing tissue damage and inflammation. When a foreign antigen (bacteria or virus) invades the lining of the digestive tract, our body’s immune system tries to fight off the bacteria and antigen. In this process, the activated immune system sometimes attacks the cells lining the healthy digestive tract, causing Crohn’s disease. 7 day meal plan for ulcerative colitis

Family history/ genetic factors – In some cases, Crohn’s disease can be genetic. People with ulcerative colitis often have a family history. One’s close relatives, such as parents, children, or siblings, are at increased risk of developing Crohn’s disease. 7 day meal plan for ulcerative colitis

Age– Ulcerative colitis can occur in both sexes and at any age but usually occurs between the ages of 15 and 35 years. It usually occurs over the age of 50, especially in men. 7 day meal plan for ulcerative colitis

Race – A particular race known as the Ashkenazi Jewish race is known to be more prone to ulcerative colitis. Whites have a higher risk of developing Crohn’s disease.

NSAIDs (Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs) – Frequent use of certain drugs such as ibuprofen increases the risk of Crohn’s disease.

Medicines to treat acne – Medicines used to treat acne have been shown to increase the risk of ulcerative colitis, according to studies. But still there is no proper explanation. 7 day meal plan for ulcerative colitis

How many types of ulcerative colitis?

Depending on the location, Crohn’s disease is of the following types-

  • Ulcerative proctitis– Here swelling occurs in the anus (the area near the anus) and the patient only has symptoms of rectal bleeding (blood in the stool).
  • Proctocytomycitis – There is swelling of the rectum and lower end (part of the large intestine). The patient has symptoms like abdominal pain, cramps, and diarrhea. 7 day meal plan for ulcerative colitis. Also, patients may be unable to pass stool despite the urge to do so.
  • Left-sided colitis – swelling of the rectum and upper part of the colon. Patients may experience a strong urge to pass stool, bloody diarrhea, and severe abdominal cramps and pain.
  • Pancolitis – inflammation of the entire colon. The patient has severe symptoms such as profuse bleeding in the stool, fatigue, weight loss, and severe abdominal pain. 7 day meal plan for ulcerative colitis

What are the symptoms of ulcerative colitis?

Symptoms of ulcerative colitis may include:

  • Diarrhea and fluid, nutritional deficiency.
  • Fatigue.
  • Nausea.
  • Weight loss.
  • Anemia- due to excessive blood loss in stools.
  • Pain in the anus- pain in the lower abdomen.
  • Rectal bleeding – a small amount of blood seen in the stool as a result
  • Fever.
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Stomach or abdominal cramps.
  • Frequent bowel movements and frequent urge to pass stool.
  • Tenesmus- Inability to pass stool despite the urgency
  • Presence of pus, mucus, or blood in the stool.
  • Skin rash.
  • Mouth sores.
  • Pain and swelling in the joints.
  • Painful red eyes.
  • Liver disease
  • Lack of physical growth in children.
  • 7 day meal plan for ulcerative colitis

The vast majority of people affected by ulcerative colitis have mild to moderate symptoms.

One of the main causes of bloody stools is piles problems. In advanced cases of piles, patients cannot sit or have excess blood in the stool, infection, gangrene anemia. In such cases, the patient is advised to undergo piles surgery. There are many hospitals and doctors in India where pile surgery is performed with great success. 7 day meal plan for ulcerative colitis

Wondering when it’s time to hit up the doc if you’ve got ulcerative colitis?

If the above symptoms persist for a long time, one must visit a doctor. Also one should see a doctor immediately in case of the following conditions-

  • Excess blood in the stool.
  • Severe abdominal pain and cramps.
  • Chronic uncontrolled diarrhea that is not treated with medication.
  • Severe diarrhea and loose stools that disturb sleep.
  • Fever for more than two days.
  • 7 day meal plan for ulcerative colitis

How is ulcerative colitis diagnosed?

The doctor will take a complete history of your symptoms, including your family history, and perform a complete physical exam to diagnose Crohn’s disease.

Let’s map out a game plan! Depending on the signs you’re rocking, your doctor might suggest a few tests to get the full picture. Time to embark on this health adventure together!

  • Blood tests – Blood tests are done to detect any signs of infection and anemia.
  • Stool tests – The presence of white blood cells or certain proteins in your stool can indicate the presence of ulcerative colitis. A stool sample can help diagnose other conditions, such as infections caused by bacteria, viruses or parasites.
  • Colonoscopy – the doctor uses a flexible, thin lighted tube attached to a small camera to look inside the bowel. This procedure is called a colonoscopy. A small tissue sample may also be taken for testing during this test.
  • Flexible sigmoidoscopy – In this procedure, the doctor examines the large intestine or rectum using a thin, flexible tube. In severe cases of bowel inflammation, the doctor may choose this test instead of a full colonoscopy.
  • CT scan – If there is any indication of bowel complications, the doctor may perform a CT scan of the patient’s abdomen and pelvic region. A CT scan can show swelling very clearly.
  • X-rays—If the patient’s symptoms are very severe, the doctor may want to take an abdominal X-ray to determine if the large intestine is affected. 7 day meal plan for ulcerative colitis

What is the treatment for ulcerative colitis?

Ulcerative colitis can usually be treated with medication or surgery. The goal of treatment is to reduce inflammation and other symptoms associated with ulcerative colitis. 7 day meal plan for ulcerative colitis

  • Medicines – Doctors may prescribe certain medicines such as mesalamine, sulfasalazine, balsalazide, 5-aminosalicylates and olsalazine. These medications control symptoms in mild to moderate cases of Crohn’s disease by reducing inflammation and swelling.
  • In case of severe symptoms – the doctor may recommend the use of antibiotics. In severe Crohn’s disease, doctors may recommend short-term use of corticosteroids.
  • Immuno-modulators – In case of an overactive immune system, the doctor may suggest the use of immunomodulators. These medications include methotrexate, azathioprine, or 6-mercaptopurine. These drugs help calm down an overactive immune system.
  • Biologics – Medicines known as biologics may be used in moderate to severe cases of Crohn’s disease. These drugs calm parts of the immune system. Some of the drugs under this category include adalimumab, golimumab, infliximab, and bedolizumab.
  • Surgery– In case of excessive bleeding, life-threatening symptoms, perforation of a part of the large intestine, or severe obstruction, the doctor suggests surgery. Colonoscopy and CT scan are used for testing before surgery.

If the patient’s symptoms worsen, and if dehydration occurs, this is a serious complication and requires immediate hospitalization.

meal plan for ulcerative colitis

How to prevent ulcerative colitis?

Although the exact cause of Crohn’s disease is not known, one can take the following measures to prevent Crohn’s disease:

  • Anemia leading to severe bleeding
  • Severe dehydration which can be fatal
  • Perforated colon- a perforation of the colon which is a fatal condition
  • 7 day meal plan for ulcerative colitis

Osteoporosis (bone loss)

  • Severe swelling of the joints, redness of the skin and eyes
  • Colon cancer risk increases manifold
  • Toxic megacolon – where the colon (lower part of the digestive system) swells rapidly)
  • Increased risk of blood clots in the blood vessels of the body.
  • 7 day meal plan for ulcerative colitis

What are the complications of ulcerative colitis?

Ulcerative colitis can cause the following complications-

  • Heavy bleeding leads to anemia.
  • Perforated colon- a hole in the colon which is a fatal condition.
  • Osteoporosis (bone loss).
  • Severe swelling of the joints, redness of the skin and eyes
  • The risk of colon cancer increases manifold.
  • Toxic megacolon – where the colon (lower part of the digestive system) swells rapidly.
  • Increased risk of blood clots in the body’s blood vessels.
  • 7 day meal plan for ulcerative colitis

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